June 4, 2013, 7:41am
When Israeli female soldiers get saucy, some Israelis can t help but applaud . Columnist Halleli Jabotinsky published2 newly surfaced photographs on her blog, and declared that they actually performed an important service by humanizing the Israeli military and also looked cute.
In the photographs, which went viral in social media, new recruits exposed their thongs under their uniform, and in a separate image posed in helmets and a tiny amount of combat equipment.
The military has disciplined them, but over at Haaretz Allison Kaplan Sommer3 has some sympathy for them as young women who don t necessarily have any desire or natural aptitude life in the military, but are doing their duty, and decided to relieve the boredom in a silly way . She wrote: If these girls were living the life their American peers, they d be just another bunch of airheaded sorority sisters pushing the limits of good taste on Facebook .
Sure, their campus might be buzzing about them, but the Washington Post and New York Times wouldn t be into their business.
But army bases aren t the same as university campuses, and anybody who cuts these girls slack for their very feminine prank should check that there isn t some patronizing gender-politick at work.
Jabotinsky s views, which are common, are underpinned by a chauvinistic attitude towards female soldiers . She would have us believe that they should be applauded for looking good, and that they did well by illustrating to the world that girls, even in the IDF, will be girls . The subtext is: What do you expect from women; leave the real soldier-work the serious stuff to the men .
But in the army rules are rules, uniforms aren t to be sexualized for public consumption on social media, and nobody should praise soldiers for doing so even if they think, as Jabotinsky does, that it ultimately gives the IDF a good image.
Palladian: A few years ago, “peony” was a very popular note in perfumery. Many perfumes used this note, which was generally done as a big, fluorescent, loud, fruity-flower odor of no particular interest. Givaudan makes 2-cyclohexylidene-2-phenylacetonitrile2, an aroma chemical they call Peonile, which I always find hilarious.
Then there’s the cyclohexylidene portion which is quasi-floppy, but made stiffer by attachment to the olefinic core. The phenyl is of course rigid except for its rotational degree of freedom. Palladian: I love when you talk dirty!
Also in the comments, a dialogue between 2 women:
Freeman Hunt: We had some new tile installed in our kitchen this week.
One afternoon the installers washed their tools outside and left without coming back in. Because they did not come back in, they forgot to turn off their radio. The radio was across the newly laid tile that we were forbidden to walk upon.
So we listened to popular, contemporary country music all that evening and for three hours the next morning. Heh. (That story is much funnier to people who know me in real life. I don’t listen to anything in the background.
Ever. No television. No music.
Nothing. I only turn something on if I want to listen to it actively.) Synova: I don’t listen to “background” anything either.
I can see you standing at the edge of the tile… yearning. Freeman Hunt: “yearning”…
Intruding on this perfectly female dialogue was the aforequoted Palladian: “That’s what a handgun and good aim are for.”
Also in the vicinity was another man, Lem. Unlike Palladian, he wasn’t commenting on the music and yearning, at least not directly. He just told his own story “We went to see a new friend perform at a local establishment4 and I took a picture of a sign near the entrance” and showed us this:
Americans often think of World War II as the “good war,” but historian Mary Louise Roberts says her new book might make our understanding of that conflict “more truthful and more complex.” The book, What Soldiers Do: Sex and the American GI in World War II France, tells the story of relations between American men and French women in Normandy and elsewhere.
The Americans were liberators; the French were liberated . But sex created tensions and resentments that were serious, yet were utterly absent from contemporary accounts for American audiences back home . Roberts, who is professor of European history at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, suggests that the tensions weren’t entirely accidental: “Sex was fundamental to how the U.S .
military framed, fought and won the war in Europe,” she writes in her book.
Roberts joins NPR’s Robert Siegel to talk about prostitutes in parks and cemeteries, pinups on planes and how the U.S . Army responded to rape accusations with rapid, racially charged trials.
On the familiar image of grateful Normans and respectful GIs
“I think it’s a matter of chronology . I think that initially the Normans were incredibly grateful to be liberated .
They had also suffered a lot of loss that summer, so there was some anger about the destruction of their homes and the loss of their loved ones . But in general, at least at the beginning, the French were very happy to be liberated and to greet the Americas.”
On the mayor of Le Havre complaining about American GIs having sex in public with French prostitutes
“That happened in the summer of 1945, so a year after liberation . Le Havre was a port, really the entry and exit port for millions of American soldiers during those years .
Those soldiers who had been fighting in France and Germany came back to Le Havre waiting for a boat home . They were, as a group, exhausted and traumatized . Their lost friends crowded their dreams .
They were consumed by guilt . So they took to whoring with French women as a way to keep away the demons, at least for a while . And without a proper or regulated system of brothels, they instead took to the streets, abandoned buildings, parks and cemeteries having sex.”
On whether the behavior of World War II GIs was universal to soldiers or specific to that army in that war
Photojournalism in particular was used to portray the French woman as ready to be rescued, ready to greet the American soldier and ready to congratulate and thank him through a kiss or even more.
“It was a particularly eroticized war .
Anybody who remembers the pinups on airplanes, Rita Hayworth, the amount to which pinups became a part of the culture of the GIs, will recognize to what extent sex became important to the war experience . I went and looked at Stars and Stripes, which is the trench journal, and what I saw there was an extension of the pinup culture . Photojournalism in particular was used to portray the Frenchwoman as ready to be rescued, ready to greet the American soldier and ready to congratulate and thank him through a kiss or even more.”
On French women traveling to Normandy to prostitute themselves
“I would have to say that prostitution was pervasive in the European theater .
There was one Army report that estimated 80 percent of single men and 50 percent of married men would have sex during their stay in Europe . And the U.S . military did not really care that much that it occurred .
What it cared about was venereal disease, which soon after the GIs’ arrivals in France began to soar but all this was kept from the American public.”
Mary Louise Roberts is a professor of history at the University of Wisconsin . She has written two previous books on French history.
Abby Schoofs/Courtesy University of Chicago Press
Mary Louise Roberts is a professor of history at the University of Wisconsin . She has written two previous books on French history.
Abby Schoofs/Courtesy University of Chicago Press
On a wave of rape accusations in the summer of 1944, and how the U.S .
Army’s response was to frame it as a race problem
“What happened was the American Army and the Judge Advocate General office disproportionately blamed African-American soldiers . Seventy-seven percent of the court-martial prosecutions in the European theater were for African-Americans . They were only 10 percent of the troops. …
“Trials took place sometimes three days afterwards. .. .
Many of the men were hanged in the towns where the rape, alleged rape, occurred . And the hanging was a difficult thing to do in the land of the guillotine, so the U.S . Army actually brought in their own hangman from Texas .
I found a file in the National Archives which dealt with this. .. . Grisly, very grisly.”
On how she integrates the heroism and great military accomplishments with the behavior of troops in France
“I guess like many people I was somewhat surprised when I found out that the GIs were not impeccable soldiers . I began to look at documents in France that were only opened in January of 2005, and in many cases I was the first American to look at them.
“I grew up in a very patriotic family, my father is a veteran of the Second World War, so all this was difficult for me .
But I actually also have to say that there’s nothing in my book that tries to condemn or denigrate that great moment .
What I’m trying to do is give a fuller picture by looking at how the event was seen by the French, to make it richer and more complex and to me really good history portrays an event not in a sanitized way, but as a way in which you can allow yourself to think of soldiers as human beings.”
WASHINGTON As the president continues to press top military brass to stop sexual assaults and a third man in charge of sexual assault prevention is accused of misconduct, the Air Force chief of staff said he s open to doing what advocates have been suggesting for years: Removing the authority to prosecute sex crimes from the chain of command.
Currently, commanders are responsible for initiating courts-martial against alleged attackers in their own chain of command, and for reviewing the results of courts-martial . Victims and advocates say that system discourages victims from reporting and can lead to problems when the accused has a better reputation within the unit than the victim does.
Gen . Mark Welsh told reporters Friday morning that he believes all options should be on the table for addressing sexual assault, and that he is open to taking some of the UCMJ authority that exists now on sex crimes out of the chain of command .
He also said he believes it s time to strip from commanders the ability to reverse courts-martial findings, though he said he believes commanders should retain the authority to reduce sentences.
The issue came into the spotlight earlier this year, when an Air Force lieutenant general decided to overturn the sexual assault conviction and sentence of a fighter pilot in Italy.
Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel has proposed eliminating the ability of commanders to overturn convictions, though they would still be able to reduce sentences.
The Air Force suffered another public blow to its sexual assault prevention efforts earlier this month, when the officer in charge of its sexual assault prevention and response program was arrested and charged with sexual battery . An Army sexual assault prevention program officer at Fort Hood in Texas was removed from his job earlier this week after allegations of pandering, abusive sexual contact and other crimes.
On Wednesday, another sexual assault prevention officer was arrested after he was accused by his ex-wife of violating a protective order, according to Army officials.
Lt . Col .
Darin Haas was suspended from his job at Fort Campbell in Kentucky in the Equal Opportunity and Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention program, Army officials said . He was released Thursday on a $15,000 bond.
This is a domestic matter and not a case of sexual harassment or assault among sodliers and subordinates, Army spokesman George Wright said.
Haas and his ex-wife have mutual orders of protection against each other, according to a press release from the Fort Campbell public affairs office . He was set to retire from the Army, and his replacement will take over the position immediately, according to a press release from the Fort Campbell public affairs office.
President Barack Obama on Thursday called the military s top leaders to the White House to discuss the sexual assault crisis .
After the meeting, he said he had asked Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen .
Martin Dempsey to lead a process to continue to get at this.
Sexual assault in the military is dangerous to our national security, he said .
This goes to the heart and core of who we are and how effective we re going to be.
The 101st Airborne Division s officer for a sexual assault response program has been removed from his job after he was accused by his ex-wife of violating a protective order, according to Army officials.
Lt . Col . Darin Haas was arrested Wednesday and immediately suspended from his job at Fort Campbell in the Equal Opportunity and Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention program, Army officials said.
He was released today on a $15,000 bond.
This is a domestic matter and not a case of sexual harassment or assault among soldiers and subordinates, Army spokesman George Wright said Thursday.
Haas and his ex-wife have mutual orders of protection against each other, according to a press release from the Fort Campbell public affairs office .
Civilian law enforcement authorities will determine whether Haas violated the provisions of the order that applied to him, the press release said.
Haas was already set to retire from the Army, and his replacement will take over the position immediately, the statement said.
Wednesday, the Army revealed that a sergeant first class who had been a sexual assault prevention program coordinator and equal opportunity adviser at Fort Hood in Texas is under investigation for abusive sexual contact and acting as a pimp, among other charges1.
And last week, an Air Force officer who headed a sexual assault prevention office was arrested on charges of groping a woman in an Arlington, Va., parking lot2.
- ^ under investigation for abusive sexual contact and acting as a pimp, among other charges (www.stripes.com)
- ^ arrested on charges of groping a woman in an Arlington, Va., parking lot (www.stripes.com)
- ^ [email protected] (www.stripes.com)
- ^ @jhlad (twitter.com)
In June 1999, Anthony Kebodeaux, an airman stationed at Peterson Air Force Base in Colorado, was convicted by a special court-martial of committing carnal knowledge of a female under the age of 16 in violation of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) . Kebodeaux s conviction grew out of a consensual sexual relationship that he had with a fifteen-year-old girl . He was sentenced to three months in prison and received a bad-conduct discharge.
After his release, Kebodeaux moved to Texas, which required him to register as a sex offender; federal law also made it a federal crime for him to fail to register .
In particular, the Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act, or the Wetterling Act, made it a federal crime for anyone convicted of a specified sex crime, or anyone sentenced by a court martial for a sex crime, to fail to register in any state where he lived or worked . But while the Wetterling Act created a penalty for failure to register in a state, it did not create a federal registration requirement.
In 2006, Congress changed that . It enacted the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act, or SORNA, which created both a direct federal requirement to register and a federal penalty for failing to register .
The registration requirement, in 42 U.S.C .
16913(a), says that a sex offender shall register, and keep registration current, in each jurisdiction where the offender resides, where the offender is an employee, and where the offender is a student . The penalty, in 18 U.S.C .
2250(a)(2), makes it a federal crime when someone who is required to register as a sex offender knowingly fails to register, or to update a registration, and that person either (A) is a sex offender . . . by reason of a conviction under Federal law (including the UCMJ or (B) travels in interstate or foreign commerce.
Congress delegated the authority to the Attorney General to specify whether and when SORNA would apply to offenders like Kebodeaux, who were convicted before SORNA s enactment .
The Attorney General then issued regulations that applied SORNA s registration requirement to all sex offenders, including those who were convicted before SORNA s enactment.
Kebodeaux first registered in Texas in 2004 . At some point, he moved to El Paso . In early August 2007, he reported to El Paso authorities and updated his sex-offender registration .
Shortly thereafter, he moved to San Antonio, but he did not update his registration.
Kebodeaux was arrested in San Antonio in 2008 . The indictment alleged that he was a sex offender because of his military conviction, and that he violated SORNA s registration requirement from August 14, 2007, until his 2008 arrest . Kebodeaux moved to dismiss the indictment, arguing that SORNA exceeded congressional authority under the Commerce Clause .
The district court denied the motion, and Kebodeaux was convicted of failing to register . He was sentenced to one year and one day of imprisonment, followed by five years supervised release.
Kebodeaux appealed, again challenging SORNA s constitutionality . A panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit affirmed his conviction, but a sharply divided en banc court reversed .
The majority held that the federal government, having originally released Kebodeaux unconditionally, later lacked the power to reassert authority over him under SORNA, when he moved only within the state (and not across state lines). (Kebodeaux s unconditional release was key to this holding . By unconditional, the court meant that after his release Kebodeaux was no longer in federal custody, that he was not subject to any sort of supervised release or parole, and that he had no other special relationship with the federal government . According to the court, because Kebodeaux s release was unconditional, SORNA s registration requirement was a reassertion of federal authority over him.) As a reassertion of authority, SORNA required some basis, like the Commerce Clause, independent of the government s prior (and expired) authority over him .
The Fifth Circuit held that there was no such independent basis here . The court thus ruled that under the specific and limited facts of this case Congress lacked authority to apply both SORNA s registration requirement and its penalty for failing to register against Kebodeaux. 1
Petition for certiorari
The government sought review in the Supreme Court, but only on two very narrow questions . The government first asked the Court to revisit the Fifth Circuit s premise that Kebodeaux was not under a federal registration obligation after his initial release but before SORNA s enactment .
This is important, because if Kebodeaux was under a federal registration obligation during this period, the government could more easily impose SORNA s registration requirement and penalty on him . The government argued that the Wetterling Act imposed a registration obligation on Kebodeaux during this period, and SORNA s registration obligation and penalty were simply an exercise of continued authority over him.
The government also sought review on the question whether Congress had Article I authority to penalize Kebodeaux s failure to register, even if Kebodeaux was not under a registration obligation pre-SORNA . The government argued that Congress s military, commerce, and spending powers, along with its powers under the Necessary and Proper Clause, gave Congress independent authority to enact SORNA and to apply it against Kebodeaux, even as a reassertion of authority over him.
The government framed the questions around SORNA s penalty provision, particularly Section 2250(a)(2)(A), rather than its registration requirement, even though the Fifth Circuit ruled both provisions unconstitutional, and even though they go hand in hand .
The Court granted cert . on January 11, 2013.
Briefs on the merits
The first question whether the Fifth Circuit erred in assuming that Kebodeaux was not under a federal registration obligation after his release turns on the application of the Wetterling Act . The government says that the Wetterling Act subjected Kebodeaux to a continued federal registration obligation, because it created a federal penalty for Kebodeaux s failure to register under state law .
The government argues that two separate provisions of the Act applied to Kebodeaux: one that penalized certain specified sex offenders for failing to register, and another that penalized persons sentenced by court martial for certain specified conduct . According to the government, these penalties meant that Kebodeaux was under a continuing federal registration obligation after his release, and that SORNA simply extended that federal registration obligation . The government argues that the Court could correct the Fifth Circuit s erroneous premise and remand for further proceedings, or that it could reverse the Fifth Circuit outright.
Kebodeaux argues that the Wetterling Act did not create a continuing federal registration obligation after his release .
He says that the Wetterling Act created a penalty for failure to register, not a requirement to register, and that in any event the Act did not apply to him and his conduct . Therefore, Kebodeaux argues that the Fifth Circuit was right to rule that SORNA sought to reassert authority over him, and that Congress lacked the power to do that.
The second question whether Congress had authority to apply SORNA s penalty to Kebodeaux, even if he had no federal registration obligation pre-SORNA turns largely on the reach of the Court s October Term 2009 sleeper, United States v . Comstock2 .
The Court ruled in Comstock that Congress had authority under the Necessary and Proper Clause to authorize the civil detention of federal prisoners who were deemed sexually dangerous, even beyond the term of their original criminal sentence . The Court looked to five considerations in upholding the act: first, Congress has broad authority under the Necessary and Proper Clause to enact laws even when they are several steps removed from an enumerated power under Article I; next, the civil detention authority was just a modest addition to statutes that have been on the books for decades; third, the authority applied to those already in federal custody; fourth, the law properly accounted for state interests; and finally, the links between detention authority and Congress s Article I enumerated powers were not too attenuated.
The government argues that under Comstock and its five considerations, SORNA s penalty provision is a necessary and proper means to enforce federal sex offenses, like Kebodeaux s, that themselves are authorized by Congress s enumerated powers in Article I . It says that it does not matter if Kebodeaux was not under federal control or authority pre-SORNA, so long as Congress had the power to penalize him for not registering .
According to the government, under Comstock s interpretation of the Necessary and Proper Clause, it did.
Kebodeaux argues that Comstock does not support SORNA s application against him . In particular, he focuses on the principal difference between his case and Comstock that in Comstock, but not here, the federal government had direct control over those subject to subsequent federal authority . According to Kebodeaux, this lack of control, along with the other Comstock considerations, means that Congress lacked authority to apply SORNA s penalty provision against him.
This is a narrow case .
It involves a defendant who represents a relatively small and, with time, diminishing class of individuals (those with sex-offender convictions pre-SORNA) . It involves a defendant who is subject to SORNA by virtue of his military conviction, and not his interstate travel . And it involves a challenge to SORNA s penalty provision, and not its other provisions (including its registration provision, although it may be hard to separate the two here).
Moreover, the Fifth Circuit ruling is by its own terms quite narrow, striking SORNA only as it applies in these specific and limited facts .
The government sought review on, and the parties argue, even narrower questions . And both parties offer potential ways for the Court to dodge the core constitutional question . The government argues that the Court could simply correct the Fifth Circuit s erroneous premise that Kebodeaux was not under a continuing federal registration obligation pre-SORNA and remand for further proceedings .
Kebodeaux, for his part, argues that his failure to register occurred before SORNA applied to him, and therefore that he could not be validly convicted for failing to register under SORNA. (He says that the Attorney General had not yet issued valid regulations specifying that SORNA applied to pre-SORNA offenders when he failed to register.)
In short, this is no broadside challenge to congressional authority to require sex-offender registration . Instead, it is a very narrow case . And we can expect the Court to address it that way.
Still, bigger issues are likely to emerge in the arguments .
Thus, look for the Court to press the government for limits on congressional authority, and to ask the government about federal intrusion into areas of traditional state concern . In other words, some on the Court are likely to worry about whether the government s theories lead to an expansive federal power that can encroach too far on the states.
On the other hand, look for the Court to ask Kebodeaux about the sweep of federal power under Comstock, especially when Kebodeaux came under federal authority because of his military service, and not because of his interstate travels . Look for the Court also to test Kebodeaux s theory of federal control pre-SORNA, given the full sex-offender registration scheme under the Wetterling Act (including the federal penalty for failure to register, and also including the federal financial incentives for states to create their own registrations and other features of the Act) .
The Court could see SORNA s application to Kebodeaux as only a modest additional exercise of federal authority, given these considerations.
Posted in U.S . v .
Recommended Citation: Steven Schwinn, Argument preview: Can Congress punish a former sex offender for failure to register?, SCOTUSblog (Apr .
11, 2013, 12:00 PM), http://www.scotusblog.com/2013/04/argument-preview-can-congress-punish-a-former-sex-offender-for-failure-to-register/
These are very similar to the uniforms worn by the girls at Melbourne Girls Grammar, an Anglican School. I want Katie to wear this uniform in the worst way. ****
This is Candice Glover. She knocked it out of the park last night.She had me at ‘don’t make me over.’
The judges nearly died when this song ended.
Randy said it was the best song ever on Idol.She was very sweet as tears ran down her face as they heaped praise upon her. I like the first one better…cause I like that song better.But this girl is amazing. She can win…or Kree.
Does anyone else thing Lazaro is hearing impaired?I do. This is probably my favorite Idol moment.
From 2010.Crystal Bowersox and Lee DeWyze singing Falling Slowly
Police say they are searching for a man dressed in a FedEx uniform who robbed a Pasadena jewelry store at gunpoint Thursday morning.
The robbery occurred just after 11:30 a.m. at Prestige Jewelry at 255 E. Colorado Blvd., near the Paseo Colorado mall.
“A guy came in and asked to see a box of loose diamonds and then pulled out a gun,” said the store’s owner, Jeffrey Tran. “He was wearing a FedEx uniform. That’s why we weren’t paying close attention — we thought he was a FedEx guy.”
The man “got away with the whole box” of diamonds, Tran said, who couldn’t immediately say how many diamonds were lost or how much they were worth.
Tran said he and his wife were alone in the store when the robbery happened. The couple has owned the store for about 10 years and this is the first time they have been robbed, he said.
– Joe Piasecki, Times Community News
- ^ L.A. adds parks to force out sex offenders nearby (latimesblogs.latimes.com)
- ^ Friday could be hottest day of the year in Los Angeles (latimesblogs.latimes.com)
- ^ Some lanes on 405 Freeway at Sepulveda to be closed during weekend (latimesblogs.latimes.com)
North Carolina State University is hosting an event to encourage safe sex and they’ve bought about $300 worth of sex toys for demonstrations and to make it all fun and entertaining. And the Tea Party puritans are, unsurprisingly, throwing a fit about it.
A group of tea party students say that they are outraged after North Carolina State University purchased about $300 worth of items to demonstrate safe sex — including an “anal plug,” six vibrators, three dildos and a “booty booster.”
Category: Success Stories
Blimey, Friday does roll round quickly, doesn’t it? We hope you’ve got some fab dates lined up for the weekend, ladies and gents, and we’d love to hear all about them come Monday – just drop us a line at [email protected]1, or via Facebook2 or Twitter3. We’ve got some great stuff lined up for the blog next week, but in the meantime, let’s celebrate the best day of the week with another mysinglefriend.com success story. Meet Jacky and Dave…
“We were both a bit scared and sceptical of online dating before we joined MSF, but thought, why not? Let’s give it a go. We’d definitely recommend it now, though. Our first date was lots of fun. We’d had planned to meet for a drink for an hour, but got on so well that we ended up chatting for about four! We had loads in common, including each of us having a gorgeous daughter. We laughed a lot and there weren’t any awkward silences.
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