That figure, revealed in a 2008/09 Government survey, should have sent alarm bells ringing among all law-enforcement agencies.
If it did, they have done a pretty good job of hiding the fact from the public because evidence on the ground suggests that nothing has changed.
Police3 still continues with its well practised routine of either refusing to investigate rape cases and asking the victims to produce witnesses or doing such a shoddy job that the case can t stand in a court of law.
The stigma attached to sexual crimes where society in general, not just the police, has perfected the art of blaming the victim, serves to embolden the perpetrators who know they can continue to commit crimes against women4 without fear of being apprehended, prosecuted or jailed.
These schoolgoing children, some as young as ten years, are victims not only of their relatives, friends and teachers, but all too often become easy prey for men in uniform whenever they are sent into their area to restore law and order.
Such children, particularly when they end up with unwanted pregnancies, are double victims, as they do not only lose their innocence violently, they more often than not also lose the chance of continuing with their education.
As Kenyans demand and get paid billions of shillings by the British government for atrocities committed against their brothers and sisters fighting for independence, it is important to remember the innocent girls molested by men in uniform who although paid and sent to protect life and property, have at times ended up endangering lives.
The country needs to draw a line in the sand and ensure that perpetrators who stain the honour of the uniforms are, together with the teachers who bring shame to the profession, brought to book for statutory rape posthaste.
In addition to the statutory jail terms, they should be made to pay for the upkeep of their seed and the loss of future earnings of their victims.
The good, Lord Master Harrington has struck again with another fabulous Girls with Guns Photo Gallery.
The two hottest things in the world, girls and guns!
HARRYMANIA swept the US capital last night as around 500 screaming girls gave Prince Harry a pop star welcome.
The royal heart-throb, 28, was greeted with wild cheers at the White House where he met First Lady Michelle Obama and military families.
Waiting for my Prince .. . girls get their cameras ready
Wild about Harry .. . girls take pics
Earlier 50 admirers battled to get treasured photos of the prince as he dashed into an exhibition for landmine charity HALO on Capitol Hill.
Police had to order interns and female Senate Office workers to calm down as they watched from balconies.
Happy Carlock, 20, an intern from Texas, said: You could hear hearts breaking when he left .
He s so cute, better than I expected . Chris Mickey, a worker in the building, tweeted: Every woman is gone . Every .
Single . One.
As the prince walked into a White House tea party for military mums, Mrs Obama shouted: Well, surprise . She then told the crowd: It is an honour to welcome Prince Harry today.
More applause followed as she told of Harry s service in Afghanistan, adding: He just arrived in DC .
He only has a limited time here, but when he heard about this tea and all of you, he wanted to be here to thank you for all your service.
Surprise .. . Prince Harry and First Lady Michelle Obama
Harry met the families one by one and helped children design cards.
Last night he also spoke of his crusade against land mines, saying: “Mum would be be proud of me.”
Speaking at an engagement at the British Embassy in Washington DC he said he hoped he would soon see the end of land mines that cause devastation across the world.
Eight months before she died in 1997, Princess Diana visited Angola to promote the work of the HALO Trust walking through a field of land mines wearing just a visor and body armour.
He said: “My mother, who believed passionately in this cause, would be proud of my association with HALO . In her special way, she adopted it as her own.
“She would join me – along with all of you, I’m sure – in praising HALO for the amazing work that it has done over the past quarter century, and in hoping that one day soon its humanitarian work will be done.
Meeting .. .
Prince Harry with John McCain
ARTHUR EDWARDS / THE SUN
“You can’t say that about many charities, so what a privilege it is for all of us to be a part of this.”
He also paid tribute to the 23 people who have lost their lives trying to end the menace of land mines.
The royal has said that the work of the HALO Trust has “come at a price”.
He said: “Over the past 25 years, 23 members of HALO have given their lives in the service of others .
Almost one for every year of the charity’s existence .
I am sure that you will agree their sacrifice ranks alongside the very highest callings of selfless duty.”
He added that with enough funding land mines could become a thing of the past.
He said: “In Sri Lanka, Mozambique, Kosovo, in Somalia, Georgia and Armenia, the threat of landmines could be eradicated in the next five years, if funding can be sustained.
“If it were stepped up, in the next ten years, countries like Cambodia, Angola, Colombia, Afghanistan, Burma and even Zimbabwe might have their landmine crises eliminated for good.”
The Prince will today visit the Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia before ending his US tour in New Jersey and New York next week.
(Phys.org) The Maya are famous for their complex, intertwined calendric systems, and now one calendar, the Maya Long Count, is empirically calibrated to the modern European calendar, according to an international team of researchers.
“The Long Count calendar fell into disuse before European contact in the Maya area,” said Douglas J . Kennett, professor of environmental archaeology, Penn State. “Methods of tying the Long Count to the modern European calendar used known historical and astronomical events1, but when looking at how climate affects the rise and fall of the Maya, I began to question how accurately the two calendars correlated using those methods.”
The researchers found that the new measurements mirrored the most popular method in use, the Goodman-Martinez-Thompson (GMT) correlation, initially put forth by Joseph Goodman in 1905 and subsequently modified by others . In the 1950s scientists tested this correlation using early radiocarbon2 dating, but the large error range left open the validity of GMT.
“With only a few dissenting voices, the GMT correlation is widely accepted and used, but it must remain provisional without some form of independent corroboration,” the researchers report in today’s (April 11) issue of Scientific Reports.
6 Elaborately carved lintel 3 from Temple I at Tikal . Credit: PSU
The Long Count counts days from a mythological starting point .
The date is comprised of five components that combine a multiplier times 144,000 days Bak’tun, 7,200 days K’atun, 360 days Tun, 20 days Winal, and 1 day K’in separated, in standard notation, by dots.
Archaeologists7 want to place the Long Count dates into the European calendar so there is an understanding of when things happened in the Maya world relative to historic events elsewhere. Correlation8 also allows the rich historical record of theMaya to be compared with other sources of environmental, climate and archaeological data calibrated using the European calendar.
The samples came from an elaborately carved wooden lintel or ceiling from a temple in the ancient Maya city of Tikal, Guatemala, that carries a carving and dedication date in the Maya calendar9 . This same lintel was one of three analyzed in the previous carbon-14 study.
Researchers measured tree growth by tracking annual changes in calcium uptake by the trees, which is greater during the rainy season.
The amount of carbon-14 in the atmosphere is incorporated into a tree’s incremental growth . Atmospheric carbon-14 changes through time, and during the Classic Maya period oscillated up and down.
The researchers took four samples from the lintel and used annually fluctuatingcalcium concentrations evident in the incremental growth of the tree to determine the true time distance between each by counting the number of elapsed rainy seasons .
The researchers used this information to fit the four radiocarbon dates to the wiggles in the calibration curve . Wiggle-matching the carbon-14 dates provided a more accurate age for linking the Maya and Long Count dates to the European calendars.
A temple and part of the ancient Maya city of Tikal, Guatemala . Credit: PSU
These calculations were further complicated by known differences in the atmospheric radiocarbon content between northern and southern hemisphere.
“The complication is that radiocarbon concentrations differ between the southern and northern hemisphere,” said Kennett. “The Maya area lies on the boundary, and the atmosphere is a mixture of the southern and northern hemispheres that changes seasonally . We had to factor that into the analysis.”
The researchers results mirror the GMT European date correlations indicating that the GMT was on the right track for linking the Long Count and European calendars.
Events recorded in various Maya locations “can now be harmonized with greater assurance to other environmental, climatic and archaeological datasets fromthis and adjacent regions and suggest that climate change played an important role in the development and demise of this complex civilization,” the researchers wrote.
Other Penn State researchers on this project were Brendan J .
Culleton, post doctoral fellow in anthropology; Soumaya Belmecheri, research associate, meteorology; Heather V . Graham, graduate student in geosciences; Katherine H . Freeman, professor of geosciences; and Lee Newsom, associate professor of anthropology.
Other researchers were Irka Hajdas and Gerald H .
Haug, Swiss Federal Institute ofTechnology; Simon Martin, University of Pennsylvania Museum; Hector Neff, California State University Long Beach; Jaime Awe, Institute of Archaeology, Belize; David L . Lentz, University of Cincinnati; Flavio S . Anselmetti, University of Bern; Mark Robinson, Louisiana State University; Norbert Marwan, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Germany; John Southon, University of California Irvine; and David A .
Hodell, University of Cambridge, UK.
The National Science Foundation and the German Science Foundation supported this work.
- ^ astronomical events (phys.org)
- ^ radiocarbon (phys.org)
- ^ accelerator mass spectrometry (phys.org)
- ^ carbon-14 (phys.org)
- ^ calibration (phys.org)
- ^ Elaborately carved lintel 3 from Temple I at Tikal . Credit: PSU (cdn.physorg.com)
- ^ Archaeologists (phys.org)
- ^ Correlation (phys.org)
- ^ calendar (phys.org)
- ^ ^ Scientific Reports (phys.org)
- ^ Pennsylvania State University (phys.org)
We’ve seen ladies before in 18th c . riding habits (including here1 and here2), all with a jaunty quasi-military air . Riding habits were a version of Georgian “sportswear,” a practical style of dressing suitable for all kinds of outdoor activities and traveling.
And, apparently, for indoor activities as well, if the alluring creature, left, is any indication . Of course she is not A Lady, so her breast-baring interpretation on the riding habit can’t be taken too seriously . Still, she is lounging in an officer’s tent with a purpose, a letter (which, sadly, seems to be gibberish) in one hand and a whip in the other, with her ankles on display along with her bosom .
It appears that she’s been riding near the camp, became over-heated with exertion, and is now waiting to surprise her officer-inamorato . One can only guess what his reaction will be, and what his fellow-officers will say to him later in the day. In reality, the majority of the women who followed 18th c .
armies weren’t anywhere close to being this fashionable . They were more often connected to the enlisted men than the officers, and were often, too, wives, sweethearts, and mothers who served as hard-working cooks, nurses, seamstresses, and laundresses . Generals like George Washington ordered the ones who were there only as prostitutes to keep their distance from the soldiers, fearing the disease and discontent that accompanied them .
As for this particular “man-trap”: I’m not sure any orders are going to keep her from trapping her man in his tent. Which is my attempt at a clever segue regarding General Washington and tents . This summer, the tailors of Colonial Williamsburg3‘s Historic Trades program will be overseeing a major project to replicate General Washington’s Sleeping and Office Marquee4 .
The tent will be constructed and sewn entirely by hand, using 18th c . techniques, and they’re currently looking to hire seamsters and seamstresses as paid student interns for this project . If you’re as handy with a needle as you are with your history, this could a dream summer internship !
The Anne S.K .
Brown Military Collection, Brown University Library.
UK police accused of wrongly taking DNA of gay men – Quincy Herald-Whig | Illinois & Missouri News, Sports
By RAPHAEL SATTER Associated Press LONDON (AP) – In 1983, Stephen Close was arrested, jailed and expelled from the British army for having sex with a male squad mate. Three decades later, police tracked him down to the northern England city of Salford and demanded a sample of his DNA because of that conviction. Close, now 50 and openly gay, said he was shocked. “I was horrified that after all these years they suddenly decided to bring this up again,” Close said in a telephone interview from Salford, 205 miles (330 kilometers) north of London. While it is not illegal in the U.K. to collect genetic material from adults, Britain’s DNA database – 1 of the largest in the world, with some 6 million samples – has long been a magnet for controversy. Human rights advocate Peter Tatchell says gay men convicted years ago under Britain’s now-defunct gross indecency law may have had their rights violated recently by British police who ordered them to submit their genetic material to the database. “It is absolutely wrong to lump a consenting, victimless offense like ‘gross indecency’ with rape, and child sex abuse,” Tatchell told The Associated Press. Tatchell said he had documented the cases of 4 gay men in London, Salford, Northumbria and the West Midlands who had been mistreated this way. Europe’s top human rights court in 2008 struck down a British law that allowed the government to store DNA and fingerprints from people with no criminal record. But in 2011, a new law allowed police to collect DNA from offenders who had been convicted of serious offenses before the DNA database was created in 1995. Amanda Cooper of the Association of Chief Police Officers’ DNA database program said police forces were told that “certain sexual offences, such as gross indecency and buggery, should not have a DNA sample taken on the grounds of a sole conviction.” In Close’s case, he was first convicted of a gross indecency charge and later theft. The “gross indecency” law dates back to 1885, and has been used to persecute thousands of English homosexuals, including playwright Oscar Wilde, who spent two years in prison after a trial in 1895, and World War II code breaker Alan Turing, who committed suicide after being convicted in 1952. Although England decriminalized homosexuality in 1967, elements of the indecency legislation remained in place until 2003 – including anti-gay restrictions relating to the age of consent, the military, and sex under various circumstances. Manchester police have apologized to Close, telling him his DNA sample will be destroyed. They have also promised a review of the some 850 DNA samples they’ve collected since 2011 for people with old convictions. “In the case of Mr. Close, our request was made without proper consideration of all the facts and once again for that I apologize,” Manchester Deputy Chief Constable Ian Hopkins told the AP on Wednesday. In the city of Newcastle, a 44-year-old businessman also received a similar request for his DNA. Speaking via telephone, the man described how, more than two decades ago, he’d been arrested and fined after meeting someone for sex in a public toilet. The businessman, who asked that his name be withheld for privacy reasons, said he still has scars on his wrists from his attempt to commit suicide following the arrest. “This whole thing has brought all this back up,” he said. “I’ve moved on from my life. I’m a businessman now. I’ve been a relationship for more than 10 years now. It’s like someone’s put a bomb under me.” Northumbria police, who are responsible for Newcastle, denied that they targeted the man because of his sexuality. The force declined, however, to say whether it would destroy the DNA sample or review other cases. The Association of Chief Police Officers said Wednesday it would re-issue guidance to police forces on taking DNA samples. Britain’s Home Office, the ministry which governs police, also said the now-defunct indecency laws need to be revisited. “It is unacceptable that homosexual men have been living for decades with criminal records for consensual sex,” the Home Office said in a statement Wednesday. Online: Peter Tatchell: http://www.petertatchell.net 1 Raphael Satter can be reached at: http://raphae.li/twitter 2 Copyright 2013 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. References ^ http://www.petertatchell.net (www.petertatchell.net) ^ http://raphae.li/twitter (raphae.li)
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India, Dec. 15 — Return of a King Wiliam Dalrymple Bloomsbury Rs 799 pp 567 William Dalrymple can be deceptive. He cultivates an image of nonchalance. It is rare to see him pontificate about the difficulties of research across languages, and the art of popular history in a social setting. He is most likely to speak about a hike or a trip to Istanbul. Then, a few years pass and he has produced another tome of meticulously researched history. Dalrymple’s gregarious exterior hides a disciplined writer, who disappears from public view for months, looking for unused manuscripts, finding the right translators, and typing for hours on a wooden desk in a hut in a corner of the garden of his house in Mehrauli. For his new book, Return of a King: The Battle for Afghanistan 1839-42, Dalrymple worked in archives in Delhi, Lahore, and Kabul , and found the most important Afghan accounts of the first British-Afghan war in an old Kabul bookshop. Here are excerpts from an interview: What made you write this book? There are a lot of books about Afghanistan, but few about Afghan history . What brought me to write this book was thinking about Afghan history after rereading Peter Hopkirk’s classic The Great Game. It is a bit dated and features a lot of “treacherous Orientals”. Return of a King is the first book about the first Afghan war using Afghan sources, telling the stories from an Afghan point of view as well. It is the defining conflict that the Afghans remember as the source of their independence that they alone in this region never succumbed to colonial rule. 18,000 soldiers of the East India Company marched into Afghanistan in 1839 and, according to legend, one man returns alive from this debacle. The British army is destroyed at the peak of the British Empire. Why do they invade Afghanistan? What is fascinating with this story is that at every level at every stage it has strong parallels with the two recent neo-colonial wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The Iraqi element is that the war is the result of the manipulation of intelligence. The Weapons of Mass Destruction in this case is a sighting of a Russian envoy and a party of Cossacks at dawn in 1837 heading over the Iranian border into Afghanistan. This is turned into evidence that the Russians are about to invade Afghanistan and then charge down the Khyber Pass and prise British India from the Raj. It is almost complete nonsense. In 1839, two years after this sighting 18,000 troops followed by 40,000 camp followers set off to invade Afghanistan. They marched the troops through the desert in Sindh and soldiers died of thirst on desert tracks and in avalanches while carrying artillery through mountains. What happens when they reach Afghanistan? Afghanistan is not a country at the time but a series of rival principalities. A king called Dost Mohammad ruled Kabul. It took the British a year to reach Kandahar and they took the Afghans by surprise. Dost Mohammad escapes to Bukhara where the ruler imprisoned him. Kabul was quiet for two years. The British set up camp, go duck shooting, the memsahibs arrived, and they even talked about moving the summer capital to Kabul. Eighteen months later, the call for jihad is made. Dost Mohammad escapes and arrives in Afghanistan and the country erupts in rebellion. The British lose their weapons and agree to retreat for safe passage. They begin this retreat on January 6, 1842. Eight days later, one man makes it through. The whole army is slaughtered, captured, or lost in the mountains. It is the greatest loss in British imperial history till the fall of Singapore in 1942. Were the Afghans united? British official Alexander Burns seduces the mistress of Abdullah Khan Achakzai, a young leader. Achakzai cuts Burns to pieces. Soon after, men from all tribes arrive in Kabul and the Afghan resistance swells to 20,000. The British think it is a united Afghan opposition but it is a diverse set, who rally against them for various reasons. We get people like Achakzai and others like Amanullah Khan whose lands were taken away by the British. The brothers, Mir Masjidi and Mir Haji, who are Tajik Pirs from Kohistan had been promised money by the British, which they didn’t pay. They are a range of groups fighting for different reasons, but there is a strong feeling that they are all Muslims and the British kafirs have crossed a red line. Why were the British slaughtered if they were granted safe passage? The British narrative is that these were treacherous Muslims who reneged the promise, but the reality is that the promise of safe passage was made by Kabul elites and not by the Gilzai tribesmen in the passes. It is, in fact, the bitter winter that kills most makes them unable to fight, while the Afghans know how to survive the winter. The Indian troops from Bengal and Bihar have no idea how to save themselves and get frostbite. Who was that one man who survived? Dr. William Brydon on his pony makes it to Jalalabad. He survives because he has a copy of the Blackwood’s magazine, the New Yorker of its time, rolled up inside his cap. It is a hardback book and when an Afghan fighter strikes him, the book saves him. In the weeks following, a few Gorkhas who have survived arrive as well. What happens after that? The British send an army led by a ruthless General George Pollack, which lays waste to Afghanistan. They cut down every tree, rape women, kill children. And leave behind a smouldering mess. And this lesson of history is never learnt. What did it remind you of? The war today is fought with the same actors, and the same demarcations of territory. In Kandahar, there is a valley called the Argandab with a Sufi shrine called Baba Wali at the crest of a hill, where Mullah Omar had a bungalow and where bin Laden lived. It was the edge of the British territory then and is the edge of ISAF territory now. One day, I was looking down this hill and saw an American patrol crossing a bridge, an IED going off and plumes of smoke rising up. In 1842, it was on the same bridge that the British were attacked. The parallels are so close and there is not a happy ending to this story. The British would be out of there by the end of the year and the Americans the next year. Basharat Peer is the author of Curfewed Night Published by HT Syndication with permission from Hindustan Times.
Sex, lies and slaughter
Thanks to the blockbuster book series ‘Fifty Shades of Grey’, British women are asking Santa for bondage gear and sex toys this year, according to online sex toy shop Sextoys.co.uk.
This year top-sellers include whips, cuffs, restraints, ticklers, and paddles, which the company describes as a “complete turnaround with couple’s bondage taking place over” the sales of solo vibrators from last year.
According to Marie Claire UK, the Official Fifty Shades of Grey line of “pleasure products”, available at Lovehoney.co.uk, sold a third of its entire stock, intended to last until Christmas, in 24 hours after it became available for pre-order.
The most popular product: Inner Goddess Silver Balls, sex toy jiggle balls referenced in the novel.
But it’s not just UK women tapping into bedroom fantasy play. According to the New York Post, this summer, New York women were flocking to hardware stores in record numbers to purchase natural filament rope used in the trilogy.
New Zealand’s Sexgear.co.nz also reports a bump in visitors to the bondage section of the website, according to reports.