Army Photography Contest 2007 FMWRC Arts and Crafts Ghost Prayin
Photo By: SGT Pablo Piedra
U.S . Army Arts and Crafts History
After World War I the reductions to the Army left the United States with a small force .
The War Department faced monumental challenges in preparing for World War II . One of those challenges was soldier morale . Recreational activities for off duty time would be important .
The arts and crafts program informally evolved to augment the needs of the War Department.On January 9, 1941, the Secretary of War, Henry L . Stimson, appointed Frederick H . Osborn, a prominent U.S .
businessman and philanthropist, Chairman of the War Department Committee on Education, Recreation and Community Service.In 1940 and 1941, the United States involvement in World War II was more of sympathy and anticipation than of action . However, many different types of institutions were looking for ways to help the war effort . The Museum of Modern Art in New York was one of these institutions .
In April, 1941, the Museum announced a poster competition, Posters for National Defense . The directors stated The Museum feels that in a time of national emergency the artists of a country are as important an asset as men skilled in other fields, and that the nation s first-rate talent should be utilized by the government for its official design work Discussions have been held with officials of the Army and the Treasury who have expressed remarkable enthusiasm In May 1941, the Museum exhibited Britain at War , a show selected by Sir Kenneth Clark, director of the National Gallery in London . The Prize-Winning Defense Posters were exhibited in July through September concurrently with Britain at War .
The enormous overnight growth of the military force meant mobilization type construction at every camp . Construction was fast; facilities were not fancy; rather drab and depressing.In 1941, the Fort Custer Army Illustrators, while on strenuous war games maneuvers in Tennessee, documented the exercise The Bulletin of the Museum of Modern Art, Vol .
9, No .
3 (Feb .
1942), described their work . Results were astonishingly good; they showed serious devotion to the purpose of depicting the Army scene with unvarnished realism and a remarkable ability to capture this scene from the soldier s viewpoint .
Civilian amateur and professional artists had been transformed into soldier-artists . Reality and straightforward documentation had supplanted (replaced) the old romantic glorification and false dramatization of war and the slick suavity (charm) of commercial drawing.
In August of last year, Fort Custer Army Illustrators held an exhibition, the first of its kind in the new Army, at the Camp Service Club . Soldiers who saw the exhibition, many of whom had never been inside an art gallery, enjoyed it thoroughly .
Civilian visitors, too, came and admired . The work of the group showed them a new aspect of the Army; there were many phases of Army life they had never seen or heard of before . Newspapers made much of it and, most important, the Army approved .
Army officials saw that it was not only authentic material, but that here was a source of enlivenment (vitalization) to the Army and a vivid medium for conveying the Army s purposes and processes to civilians and soldiers . Brigadier General Frederick H . Osborn and War Department leaders were concerned because few soldiers were using the off duty recreation areas that were available .
Army commanders recognized that efficiency is directly correlated with morale, and that morale is largely determined from the manner in which an individual spends his own free time . Army morale enhancement through positive off duty recreation programs is critical in combat staging areas.To encourage soldier use of programs, the facilities drab and uninviting environment had to be improved . A program utilizing talented artists and craftsmen to decorate day rooms, mess halls, recreation halls and other places of general assembly was established by the Facilities Section of Special Services .
The purpose was to provide an environment that would reflect the military tradition, accomplishments and the high standard of army life . The fact that this work was to be done by the men themselves had the added benefit of contributing to the esprit de corps (teamwork, or group spirit) of the unit.The plan was first tested in October of 1941, at Camp Davis, North Carolina . A studio workshop was set up and a group of soldier artists were placed on special duty to design and decorate the facilities .
Additionally, evening recreation art classes were scheduled three times a week . A second test was established at Fort Belvoir, Virginia a month later . The success of these programs lead to more installations requesting the program.After Pearl Harbor was bombed, the Museum of Modern Art appointed Mr .
James Soby, to the position of Director of the Armed Service Program on January 15, 1942 . The subsequent program became a combination of occupational therapy, exhibitions and morale-sustaining activities.Through the efforts of Mr . Soby, the museum program included; a display of Fort Custer Army Illustrators work from February through April 5, 1942 .
The museum also included the work of soldier-photographers in this exhibit . On May 6, 1942, Mr . Soby opened an art sale of works donated by museum members .
The sale was to raise funds for the Soldier Art Program of Special Services Division . The bulk of these proceeds were to be used to provide facilities and materials for soldier artists in Army camps throughout the country.Members of the Museum had responded with paintings, sculptures, watercolors, gouaches, drawings, etchings and lithographs . Hundreds of works were received, including oils by Winslow Homer, Orozco, John Kane, Speicher, Eilshemius, de Chirico; watercolors by Burchfield and Dufy; drawings by Augustus John, Forain and Berman, and prints by Cezanne, Lautrec, Matisse and Bellows .
The War Department plan using soldier-artists to decorate and improve buildings and grounds worked . Many artists who had been drafted into the Army volunteered to paint murals in waiting rooms and clubs, to decorate dayrooms, and to landscape grounds . For each artist at work there were a thousand troops who watched .
These bystanders clamored to participate, and classes in drawing, painting, sculpture and photography were offered . Larger working space and more instructors were required to meet the growing demand . Civilian art instructors and local communities helped to meet this cultural need, by providing volunteer instruction and facilities.Some proceeds from the Modern Museum of Art sale were used to print 25,000 booklets called Interior Design and Soldier Art .
The booklet showed examples of soldier-artist murals that decorated places of general assembly . It was a guide to organizing, planning and executing the soldier-artist program . The balance of the art sale proceeds were used to purchase the initial arts and crafts furnishings for 350 Army installations in the USA.In November, 1942, General Somervell directed that a group of artists be selected and dispatched to active theaters to paint war scenes with the stipulation that soldier artists would not paint in lieu of military duties.Aileen Osborn Webb, sister of Brigadier General Frederick H .
Osborn, launched the American Crafts Council in 1943 . She was an early champion of the Army program.While soldiers were participating in fixed facilities in the USA, many troops were being shipped overseas to Europe and the Pacific (1942-1945) . They had long periods of idleness and waiting in staging areas .
At that time the wounded were lying in hospitals, both on land and in ships at sea . The War Department and Red Cross responded by purchasing kits of arts and crafts tools and supplies to distribute to these restless personnel . A variety of small Handicraft Kits were distributed free of charge .
Leathercraft, celluloid etching, knotting and braiding, metal tooling, drawing and clay modeling are examples of the types of kits sent.In January, 1944, the Interior Design Soldier Artist program was more appropriately named the Arts and Crafts Section of Special Services . The mission was to fulfill the natural human desire to create, provide opportunities for self-expression, serve old skills and develop new ones, and assist the entire recreation program through construction work, publicity, and decoration . The National Army Art Contest was planned for the late fall of 1944 .
In June of 1945, the National Gallery of Art in Washington D.C., for the first time in its history opened its facilities for the exhibition of the soldier art and photography submitted to this contest . The Infantry Journal, Inc . printed a small paperback booklet containing 215 photographs of pictures exhibited in the National Gallery of Art.In August of 1944, the Museum of Modern Art, Armed Forces Program, organized an art center for veterans .
Abby Rockefeller, in particular, had a strong interest in this project . Soldiers were invited to sketch, paint, or model under the guidance of skilled artists and craftsmen . Victor d Amico, who was in charge of the Museum s Education Department, was quoted in Russell Lynes book, Good Old Modern: An Intimate Portrait of the Museum of Modern Art .
I asked one fellow why he had taken up art and he said, Well, I just came back from destroying everything . I made up my mind that if I ever got out of the Army and out of the war I was never going to destroy another thing in my life, and I decided that art was the thing that I would do . Another man said to d Amico, Art is like a good night s sleep .
You come away refreshed and at peace . In late October, 1944, an Arts and Crafts Branch of Special Services Division, Headquarters, European Theater of Operations was established . A versatile program of handcrafts flourished among the Army occupation troops.The increased interest in crafts, rather than fine arts, at this time lead to a new name for the program: The Handicrafts Branch .
In 1945, the War Department published a new manual, Soldier Handicrafts , to help implement this new emphasis . The manual contained instructions for setting up crafts facilities, selecting as well as improvising tools and equipment, and basic information on a variety of arts and crafts.As the Army moved from a combat to a peacetime role, the majority of crafts shops in the United States were equipped with woodworking power machinery for construction of furnishings and objects for personal living . Based on this new trend, in 1946 the program was again renamed, this time as Manual Arts .
At the same time, overseas programs were now employing local artists and craftsmen to operate the crafts facilities and instruct in a variety of arts and crafts . These highly skilled, indigenous instructors helped to stimulate the soldiers interest in the respective native cultures and artifacts . Thousands of troops overseas were encouraged to record their experiences on film .
These photographs provided an invaluable means of communication between troops and their families back home.When the war ended, the Navy had a firm of architects and draftsmen on contract to design ships . Since there was no longer a need for more ships, they were given a new assignment: To develop a series of instructional guides for arts and crafts . These were called Hobby Manuals .
The Army was impressed with the quality of the Navy manuals and had them reprinted and adopted for use by Army troops . By 1948, the arts and crafts practiced throughout the Army were so varied and diverse that the program was renamed Hobby Shops . The first Interservice Photography Contest was held in 1948 .
Each service is eligible to send two years of their winning entries forward for the bi-annual interservice contest . In 1949, the first All Army Crafts Contest was also held . Once again, it was clear that the program title, Hobby Shops was misleading and overlapped into other forms of recreation.In January, 1951, the program was designated as The Army Crafts Program .
The program was recognized as an essential Army recreation activity along with sports, libraries, service clubs, soldier shows and soldier music . In the official statement of mission, professional leadership was emphasized to insure a balanced, progressive schedule of arts and crafts would be conducted in well-equipped, attractive facilities on all Army installations.The program was now defined in terms of a Basic Seven Program which included: drawing and painting; ceramics and sculpture; metal work; leathercrafts; model building; photography and woodworking . These programs were to be conducted regularly in facilities known as the multiple-type crafts shop .
For functional reasons, these facilities were divided into three separate technical areas for woodworking, photography and the arts and crafts.During the Korean Conflict, the Army Crafts program utilized the personnel and shops in Japan to train soldiers to instruct crafts in Korea.The mid-1950s saw more soldiers with cars and the need to repair their vehicles was recognized at Fort Carson, Colorado, by the craft director . Soldiers familiar with crafts shops knew that they had tools and so automotive crafts were established . By 1958, the Engineers published an Official Design Guide on Crafts Shops and Auto Crafts Shops .
In 1959, the first All Army Art Contest was held . Once more, the Army Crafts Program responded to the needs of soldiers.In the 1960 s, the war in Vietnam was a new challenge for the Army Crafts Program . The program had three levels of support; fixed facilities, mobile trailers designed as portable photo labs, and once again a Kit Program .
The kit program originated at Headquarters, Department of Army, and it proved to be very popular with soldiers.Tom Turner, today a well-known studio potter, was a soldier at Ft . Jackson, South Carolina in the 1960s . In the December 1990 / January 1991 American Crafts magazine, Turner, who had been a graduate student in art school when he was drafted, said the program was a godsend .
The Army Artist Program was re-initiated in cooperation with the Office of Military History to document the war in Vietnam . Soldier-artists were identified and teams were formed to draw and paint the events of this combat . Exhibitions of these soldier-artist works were produced and toured throughout the USA.In 1970, the original name of the program, Arts and Crafts , was restored .
In 1971, the Arts and Crafts/Skills Development Program was established for budget presentations and construction projects.After the Vietnam demobilization, a new emphasis was placed on service to families and children of soldiers . To meet this new challenge in an environment of funding constraints the arts and crafts program began charging fees for classes . More part-time personnel were used to teach formal classes .
Additionally, a need for more technical-vocational skills training for military personnel was met by close coordination with Army Education Programs . Army arts and crafts directors worked with soldiers during Project Transition to develop soldier skills for new careers in the public sector.The main challenge in the 1980s and 90s was, and is, to become self-sustaining . Directors have been forced to find more ways to generate increased revenue to help defray the loss of appropriated funds and to cover the non-appropriated funds expenses of the program .
Programs have added and increased emphasis on services such as, picture framing, gallery sales, engraving and trophy sales, etc New programs such as multi-media computer graphics appeal to customers of the 1990 s.The Gulf War presented the Army with some familiar challenges such as personnel off duty time in staging areas . Department of Army volunteer civilian recreation specialists were sent to Saudi Arabia in January, 1991, to organize recreation programs . Arts and crafts supplies were sent to the theater .
An Army Humor Cartoon Contest was conducted for the soldiers in the Gulf, and arts and crafts programs were set up to meet soldier interests.The increased operations tempo of the 90 s Army has once again placed emphasis on meeting the recreation needs of deployed soldiers . Arts and crafts activities and a variety of programs are assets commanders must have to meet the deployment challenges of these very different scenarios.The Army arts and crafts program, no matter what it has been titled, has made some unique contributions for the military and our society in general . Army arts and crafts does not fit the narrow definition of drawing and painting or making ceramics, but the much larger sense of arts and crafts .
It is painting and drawing . It also encompasses:* all forms of design. (fabric, clothes, household appliances, dishes, vases, houses, automobiles, landscapes, computers, copy machines, desks, industrial machines, weapon systems, air crafts, roads, etc )* applied technology (photography, graphics, woodworking, sculpture, metal smithing, weaving and textiles, sewing, advertising, enameling, stained glass, pottery, charts, graphs, visual aides and even formats for correspondence )* a way of making learning fun, practical and meaningful (through the process of designing and making an object the creator must decide which materials and techniques to use, thereby engaging in creative problem solving and discovery) skills taught have military applications.* a way to acquire quality items and save money by doing-it-yourself (making furniture, gifts, repairing things ).* a way to pursue college credit, through on post classes.* a universal and non-verbal language (a picture is worth a thousand words).* food for the human psyche, an element of morale that allows for individual expression (freedom).* the celebration of human spirit and excellence (our highest form of public recognition is through a dedicated monument).* physical and mental therapy (motor skill development, stress reduction, etc ).* an activity that promotes self-reliance and self-esteem.* the record of mankind, and in this case, of the Army.What would the world be like today if this generally unknown program had not existed ? To quantitatively state the overall impact of this program on the world is impossible .
Millions of soldier citizens have been directly and indirectly exposed to arts and crafts because this program existed . One activity, photography can provide a clue to its impact . Soldiers encouraged to take pictures, beginning with WW II, have shared those images with family and friends .
Classes in How to Use a Camera to How to Develop Film and Print Pictures were instrumental in soldiers seeing the results of using quality equipment . A good camera and lens could make a big difference in the quality of the print . They bought the top of the line equipment .
When they were discharged from the Army or home on leave this new equipment was showed to the family and friends . Without this encouragement and exposure to photography many would not have recorded their personal experiences or known the difference quality equipment could make . Families and friends would not have had the opportunity to see the environment their soldier was living in without these photos .
Germany, Italy, Korea, Japan, Panama, etc were far away places that most had not visited.As the twenty first century approaches, the predictions for an arts renaissance by Megatrends 2000 seem realistic based on the Army Arts and Crafts Program practical experience .
In the April 95 issue of American Demographics magazine, an article titled Generation X fully supports that this is indeed the case today .
Television and computers have greatly contributed to Generation X being more interested in the visual arts and crafts.Connect with us:www.Facebook.com/FamilyMWRwww.Twitter.com/FamilyMWRwww.YouTube.com/FamilyMWR234
You’re gonna need more than a new poster for this one.
The soldier, whose name has not been released, is being investigated for abusive sexual contact, pandering, assault and maltreatment of subordinates . The soldier has been relieved of his duties at the Texas post, and no charges have yet been filed, the Pentagon said . He oversaw the program at the battalion level, a unit of about 800 soldiers.
The soldier is being investigated for, among other things, forcing a subordinate into prostitution and sexually assaulting two others, according to a Capitol Hill staffer who was briefed on the case and spoke about it on condition of anonymity.
Two senior Pentagon officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity because the case is under investigation, also confirmed that the sergeant is being investigated for running a prostitution ring.
This would be different from the other “sexual assault prevention program” officer arrested for sexual assault2, and the need to actually clarify which “sexual assault prevention program” officer being arrested for sexual assault we’re talking about may suggest that even the military culture around “sexual assault prevention programs” may need a bit of damn work.
Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel has “directed all service branches to re-train, re-credential and re-screen” officers implementing the military’s sexual assault prevention and response programs .
Sen . Claire McCaskill is among the female senators on the Armed Services Committee leading the push against sexual assault in the military, and the Missouri Democrat is now mobilizing her campaign supporters behind the effort.
Instead of focusing on prosecution, there has been an effort to train their way out of this problem with programs discussing unwanted sexual contact or encouraging a buddy system for women on bases, McCaskill wrote an in email to her campaign mailing list .
It s not going to work . This isn t a problem the military can train its way out of.
Can’t say she’s wrong about that one . Glad she won her election, or we’d instead have Republican poster boy Todd “Legitimate Rape” Akin helping to decide what to do about sexual assaults in the military, and I imagine that wouldn’t have gone well .
Also republished by Police Accountability Group7 and Daily Kos8.
- ^ I think I see the problem here (www.usatoday.com)
- ^ other “sexual assault prevention program” officer arrested for sexual assault (www.dailykos.com)
- ^ directed all service branches to re-train, re-credential and re-screen (www.usnews.com)
- ^ isn’t impressed (blogs.rollcall.com)
- ^ hunch. (www.dailykos.com)
- ^ Hunter (www.dailykos.com)
- ^ Police Accountability Group (www.dailykos.com)
- ^ Daily Kos (www.dailykos.com)
- ^ (Load) (www.dailykos.com)
- ^ (Load) (www.dailykos.com)
- ^ (Load) (www.dailykos.com)
- ^ (Load) (www.dailykos.com)
- ^ (Load) (www.dailykos.com)
- ^ (Load) (www.dailykos.com)
- ^ (Load) (www.dailykos.com)
The timing of this incident is particularly incredible, considering that the Air Force is set to release their annual report on sexual assault on people in uniform tomorrow.
At the Earth First! Journal and the Newswire, we have worked hard to bring you cutting edge news about the military industrial complex. The US military is far and away the most earth-destroying, climate changing, soul crushing organization around.
For many, it also represents the total accumulation of patriarchy.
The inclusion of women in the military has created a crisis of rape2. Women are regularly raped in the military 19,000 rapes are reported every year, and that marks the few who are actually able to come forward. Like the prison industry complex, the hierarchical structure, presence of command chains, and interminable bureaucracy of the military destroys the efforts of women to gain or maintain a free life.
Just last month, the new Defense Secretary Chuck Hagal jumped forward with a demand to change the power that commanding generals have to void sexual assault convictions.
While Hagal was lauded by many in the military, activists with Protect our Defenders insisted that his decision addressed only one part of much larger fundamental problems.
Of course, the internal sexual assault scandal that this creates might give us pause to consider the invisible women assaulted by military personnel in West Asia and everywhere the military of the US is stationed (Krusinski was stationed in Afghanistan for a while). It might also give us an insight into how to challenge the military as a body.
Like the inclusion of women in such a patriarchal organization, the greening of the military has led to business as usual, with a veneer of acceptability for our liberal climate. In 2010, President Obama instituted the first program to green the military by doing such courageous things as adding hybrid hum-vees to the manifold, building solar-powered tents, and manufacturing fuel cell tanks.
Is rape still possible in a solar-powered tent? Is the destruction of the planet still possible with fuel cells?
The US is a deeply corrupt and sinister institution of murder and the destruction of nature. It cannot be reformed.
It must be destroyed.
A nurse accused of waggling his tongue suggestively at an elderly resident at a care home in Shropshire claims he was only doing his ‘lizard impression’, a hearing was told.
Malcolm Thomas also allegedly sat the woman down on his knee and asked her for a ‘snog’.
Thomas also tried to put his hand up her skirt and groped the pensioner’s breasts at the Hillcrest Manor Nursing Home in Shrewsbury, a hearing was told.
Another colleague, referred to only Colleague B, claims he pulled at her tunic to look down her top. He is also accused of groping another member of staff and making sexual advances towards her.
Thomas, who is not attending the central London hearing, denies all the allegations.
It is alleged he rubbed the inside of her leg, asked her what colour knickers she was wearing and kissed her on the lips without her consent.
The Nursing and Midwifery Council alleges his behaviour was sexually motivated, but he claims the women made up the complaints because they did not agree with some changes he had made.
Colleague B told the hearing yesterday she had undone the very top button of her uniform because it was hot in the home.
She added: “He pulled on my tunic top, he had no right to even touch my tunic top. I did have the top button undone and he just reached and I just automatically thought he was going to look down.”
She instinctively punched out, striking him in the face, the hearing was told.
She was also present when he allegedly tried to kiss an elderly woman, Patient A.
Colleague B said Thomas and another member of staff were hoisting the lady into a chair when Thomas deliberately sat her down on his knee.
She said: “He moved so that she fell into his lap a little bit, she was actually on her side. He did say ‘give me a snog’ and waggled his tongue.”
Tim Hogman, for the NMC, said: “Mr Thomas says that you asked him to do a lizard impression for Patient A.’
Colleague B replied: ‘Well that is a total lie.”
The hearing continues.
Amanda Fulton via Associated Press Brides Penelope Gnesin, seated, and Brenda Sue Fulton, a West Point graduate, hold hands during their wedding, Saturday at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. By The Associated Press Cadet Chapel, the landmark Gothic church that is a center for spiritual life at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, was hosting its first same-sex wedding Saturday.
Amanda Fulton via Associated Press
Brides Penelope Gnesin, seated, and Brenda Sue Fulton, a West Point graduate, hold hands during their wedding, Saturday at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.
By The Associated Press
Cadet Chapel, the landmark Gothic church that is a center for spiritual life at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, was hosting its first same-sex wedding Saturday.
passed the Adam Walsh Act six years ago in an attempt to set up a uniform
national registry to track known sex offenders who move from one state to
By Martina Johnson – Thursday, October 25th, 2012.
ST JOHN’S, Antigua – Graphic sex tapes showing teens – some seemingly as young as 13 – engaged in risky behaviour and being widely distributed across the country have prompted education officials to blame bad parenting.
The tapes are the latest published via social media in recent years but this time they’re all the more experimental and explicit.
Education officer responsible for guidance counselling in schools, Andrea Airall, says families are to be primarily blamed for the behaviour displayed in the resurging sex tapes involving secondary school students.
And, D Gisele Isaac-Arrindell, Executive Secretary of the Board of Education and past president of the Professional Organisation of Women in Antigua (POWA), shares the same view.
Last week one video tape surfaced but by yesterday evening another three had been making the rounds. In all but one case, the characters in the video were dressed in school uniform and their faces were featured more than once.
Airall said too many children are left on their own after school hours and parents and other relatives are not holding them accountable for their actions.
“There are a lot of them whose home environment is not supportive. They do not get attention and guidance. There are no boundaries. And love and affection are absent so many of them also have very low self esteem,” Airall said.
The educator of 22 years said many people with low esteem would do almost anything to please others and get attention.
“They are quite a lot of teens crying out for attention from parents and some of them want to be caught in their negative behaviours so they would be noticed.
“Too many of our young come and go from home and no one says anything to them; there are no consequences so they do anything they want to do,” Airall said.
She said guidance counsellors are placed within the education system and students are exposed to health and family education, which she also oversees.
However, the counsellor said there is “only so much the schools can do”.
“The schools, counsellors, we talk about these things – like sexual activities and risky behaviours – but when they leave school and get back in an environment where there are no boundaries, then our efforts are counteracted,” Airall explained.
She suggests there is need for greater collaboration between parents and schools because little or no help from parents and guardians makes the work of the education system more difficult.
In one video, a school girl is engaged in fallacio with a young male before they proceed to sexual intercourse– standing in the open, under a tree. The male youth was condom strapped.
In another, two girls engage in oral sex in the back of a pick-up while a third shows one girl masturbating on a bed. The last video to reach OBSERBER Media yesterday depicts a young girl, seemingly about 13, having sexual intercourse with an older male on a bench in an open area. The male was not wearing a condom.
None of the girls appeared camera shy, opposed to being recorded nor unwilling to participate in the acts.
Police are said to be probing the incidents to determine the age of the participants and the crimes committed.
Airall said many of today’s teens seem to think they are invincible and they don’t think much about the consequences of their behaviour.
She said there are quite a few who have strong support from home, but want to experiment and as soon as an opportunity presents itself, they jump at it.
Meantime, Isaac-Arindell expressed grave concern as she too has seen at least one of the videos to which OBSERVER Media referred while she said she has also heard of videos involving boys only.
“What are our young men thinking when they have these relationships with these girls and then put their business on the streets. It is always the girls who are exploited and humiliated by this medium and the boys generally remain anonymous or when he is identified it is an accolade to him and he gets off,” she lamented.
Like Airall, Isaac-Arindell said the causes of this reckless behaviour vary.
“Some of them are doing it for competition; to hold on to the man who they think loves them; they do it for attention and want to please the man who is giving them the love they’re getting nowhere else; and some of them do it for money or fun,” she suggested.
She said education officials can do very little to stop the trend.
“Whatever the ministry does or doesn’t do young people are going to have sex. This is nothing new. What we want to underscore to them, is the dangers of putting their sexual activity out there. It never goes away. Prospective employers are looking at their profiles to see what they are posting even on Facebook,” she said.
Isaac-Arindell further warned that students’ risky behaviour could result in them contracting sexually transmitted diseases, girls becoming pregnant in school, and dropping out of school among other things.
A 2006 study by United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) revealed that young people in Antigua & Barbuda continue to engage in behaviours that put them at risk of contracting HIV.
It reported that at the time, 40 per cent of youth in the 15 to 24 age group did not use a condom the last time they had sex, whilst a 2005 study found that only 35 per cent of sexually active adolescents had knowledge on correct condom use.
The same study indicated that 39 per cent of adolescents between 10 and 14 years old were engaged in sexual relationships and the high level of teen pregnancy underscores the risky sexual behaviour of adolescent girls.
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- ^ counselling in schools (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ counsellor (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ education officer (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ education officials (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ education system (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ executive secretary (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ family education (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ gisele (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ graphic sex (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ guidance counsellors (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ home environment (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ low self esteem (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ professional organisation (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ risky behaviour (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ school uniform (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ secondary school students (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ sex tapes (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ video tape (www.antiguaobserver.com)
- ^ yesterday evening (www.antiguaobserver.com)